There is nearly nothing as painful on this earth as a toothache. The pain comes on suddenly, unexpectedly and out of nowhere. It can be characterized as a dull and throbbing pain or a sudden, sharp and bursting, constant pain. Mothers have commonly likened it to the same amount of pain – or greater – than that associated with childbirth. Fortunately, if you do end up suffering from a toothache, your local emergency dentist can help you find relief quickly.
Diagnose the Affected Tooth or Teeth
Your emergency dentist will examine your mouth and run some x-rays to check your teeth. Many times a toothache can cause other teeth to hurt, a medical anomaly known as “referred pain.” After diagnosing the affected tooth or teeth, you dentist will prescribe treatment.
Anesthetize the Affected Area
The first order of business is to relieve the pain. This involves a series of semi invasive shots. The shots will immediately provide pain relief, and help you relax during your treatment with the emergency dentist.
Drain and Eliminate any Gum Boil
It is not uncommon for infected teeth to form what is called a gum boil. This is a sinus tract or fistula in your gums caused by bacteria following the least path of resistance. Such boils must be drained of all pus (white blood cells and bacteria) before your teeth can be treated.
Drill Into Infected Pulp Cap Chamber
The treating doctor will then carefully drill through your teeth to expose the pulp chamber where the nerve is housed. This allows them to treat the infection and remove the dead nerve tissue. This process rarely causes any discomfort, so don’t be scared.
Remove Dead Nerve and Infection
The treating dentist will then use medical tools to remove the dead nerve tissue. They will also suction out the infection. After that, they will use disinfecting fluids to completely cleanse the pulp chamber and root canal system.
Fill with Gutta Percha
Once the root canal system has been cleansed and disinfected, the dentist will fill it with a medium called gutta percha. This is a rubbery substance that fills the canals and mimics a root canal system while helping to prevent future infection.
Crown Tooth for Final Restoration
After your tooth has been treated, your dentist will fill it with a temporary filling. Since a vast majority of the upper crown section of your tooth will have been compromised to access the nerve, in most cases a complete dental crown restoration is required to regain full functionality of the tooth in question.
After a week or two, you will need to see your doctor again for follow up visit. They will examine the treated area to ensure that the infection has not returned. After that they, will take impressions for a crown. After your crown is fabricated, it will be fitted to your mouth and adjusted for your bite, and your tooth will be fully functional once more. The overall effectiveness of this type of a treatment is rated as varying between 80-90 percent, depending upon lifestyle habits and genetics.